The people who lived in the city of Herculaneum were instantly killed by the torrents of monstrous heat erupting from Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Nothing was left of their stomachs, but this did not prevent archaeologists from learning about the diet of the doomed ancient Romans.
Scientists from the University Clinic of Dusseldorf have grown an artificial brain from human skin cells, in which optical cups were formed. Biologists at the University of Cambridge taught cuttlefish a simple language and tested their episodic memory. Scientists from the University of New York have shown that an interested conversation can slow down the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Paleontologists of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences together with an international team of scientists have published a paper on the study of two cave lion cubs found in Yakutia. The expedition of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences to Chukotka has begun: scientists will make a 3D survey of the northernmost rock carvings. Scientists from Zhengzhou University have found the oldest mint in central China. Australian scientists have deciphered a Babylonian tablet, which turned out to be the oldest example of using the Pythagorean theorem.
Paleontologists have found the fossilized brain of a 310 million-year-old horseshoe crab in the valley of Mason Creek, Illinois. During the excavation of an ancient human site in Dmanisi, Georgia, fragments of a dog's jaw, which are 1.8 million years old, were found. Anthropologists have come to the conclusion that the rock paintings in a cave near Malaga were made by Neanderthals 45 thousand years ago. During the underwater excavations of Heraklion near modern Alexandria, Egypt, fruit baskets were found that are more than 2000 years old.
Scientists investigating a dried-up lava tube in northwestern Saudi Arabia were stunned to discover a huge accumulation of bones belonging to horses, donkeys and even people.
Despite the fact that scientists around the world have been finding rock carvings for centuries, every time the art hidden in ancient caves amazes the discoverers. Some rock paintings are about 50,000 years old! How did they manage to survive so well to this day?
Not far from Alexandria, during underwater excavations of the city of Heraklion, archaeologists found an Egyptian ship that sank 2,200 years ago. Researchers of the Department of Archaeology of the US Navy have trained a neural network to search for sunken ships. 400 thousand years ago, different Homo populations could actively exchange knowledge. In the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, a fingerprint was found on a wax figurine, perhaps it belongs to Michelangelo.
For the first time, the remains of this hadrosaur were discovered in the 1980s in Argentina, and then scientists diagnosed him with a foot fracture. However, a new study now shows that this individual from the ornithopod suborder had a tumor about 70 million years ago, as well as two painful fractures in the vertebrae of its tail. But despite this, the hadrosaur was able to survive.
Even then, insects had bright wings that made chirping sounds during flight.
This grotto in Germany in the Harz mountains was first mentioned in 1541. Many thought they had found the bones of a mythical unicorn there. It was believed that the powder from his bones cures all ailments. This cave was inhabited 50 thousand years ago by Neanderthals who left mammoth tusks and teeth of cave bears. In this cave, an artifact has already been found in our time, which may be a work of art created by a Neanderthal.