High and low pressure: what is important for everyone to know about health Person

High and low pressure: what is important for everyone to know about health

Arterial blood pressure is the pressure of blood on the walls of blood vessels. It ensures the movement of blood through the vessels. Blood is pumped into the heart, and then pushed into the vessels — at this point, the pressure in the vessels is maximum. Then the heart relaxes and after a short pause begins to fill with blood again — this is the second phase, when the pressure in the arteries is minimal. The maximum and minimum pressure is what is called the upper and lower pressure. The pressure is recorded as a fraction, where the numerator is the upper pressure indicator, and the denominator is the lower one.

Pressure is an important indicator of health, the vitality and well—being of a person depend on its level. There is a norm for everyone: it depends on the age, individual characteristics of a person, his lifestyle, constitution. For example, the lower limit of the norm for a teenager is 100/70, but in an elderly person such pressure indicates the presence of a serious illness. In people who lead an active lifestyle, the pressure of 100/60 or even 90/50 is considered normal. A young person should have lower blood pressure than an elderly person, an athlete should have lower blood pressure than a stay—at-home person, a tall and thin person should have lower blood pressure than a heavy and stocky person. Sometimes low blood pressure also happens in hypertensive patients.

The average is considered to be 120/80 mmHg. art. But there is a huge variety of normal indicators. Therefore, it is best if you know your normal blood pressure, at which you feel good. Then you can easily catch deviations from the norm and find out the degree of hypertension.

You are prone to hypertension if cases have been observed in your family among the closest relatives. This disease is very often inherited, primarily through the maternal line. The second factor is regular stress or work in production with a high noise level, night shifts, etc. The third is a tendency to fatness. You may also be prone to hypotension if you feel much better in the cool than in the heat, you do not tolerate forced immobility, and your well-being improves when walking or other muscular activity.

Hypertension is called a persistent increase in blood pressure, and hypotension is a downward change. Hypertension can be very dangerous — with high blood pressure, the risk of cardiovascular diseases is much higher than with normal. Scientists have calculated that if the average blood pressure level in the population decreases by only 2 mmHg, this will save more than 70 thousand lives annually. First of all, stroke mortality rates will decrease. With high blood pressure, medication is most often required.

If you find yourself prone to high blood pressure, you should reconsider your lifestyle, give up some bad habits and do not postpone treatment for a long time.

The first signs of high blood pressure are headaches, heart pounding, dizziness, tinnitus. A persistent increase in pressure can provoke a hypertensive crisis. In this case, a person may lose consciousness, he has shortness of breath or even suffocation, sharp chest pain, heartbeat, visual impairment and even paralysis. Without treatment, a sudden sharp increase in blood pressure, which was previously only moderately elevated, can lead to life-threatening situations. And yet, in most cases, it is possible to control high pressure.

In people who regularly exercise, the level of upper pressure decreases by 3.5 mm Hg, and the lower one — by 2.58 mm Hg. This is not much, but even such a decrease is enough to significantly reduce the risk of coronary heart disease or cerebral circulatory disorders. At the same time, you do not have to spend all your time in the gym, a 20-minute morning jog or regular exercise is enough.

Give up some culinary habits that may be harmful to people prone to hypertension. First of all, we are talking about the use of a large amount of table salt. For hypertensive patients, this is really a white enemy. In addition, the diet should be varied — eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, cereals and foods containing potassium. Give preference to meat and fish of low-fat varieties. Japanese cuisine is very useful, because it is most often low-fat and properly balanced dishes. Give up alcohol and nicotine.

If your well-being worsens with prolonged standing, taking hot baths, prolonged stay in a stuffy room, if you do not tolerate hunger, feel lethargy, drowsiness, then you are most likely hypotonic.

A full rest is important for you, as for no one else: with hypotension, a full night's sleep is necessary (at least 7-8 hours). Spend as much time outdoors as possible. If you listen to your body, you will notice that you feel much better after a walk.

Low blood pressure indicates the sluggishness of blood vessels, so hypotonics are recommended procedures aimed at strengthening them. These include contrast shower, hydro massage, swimming and physical activity.

Natural tonics that are indicated for arterial hypotension include tincture of Chinese lemongrass, eleutherococcus, ginseng — they give vigor, restore efficiency, improve well-being. But you should not get carried away with them either — it is better to consult a doctor.

If you are prone to hypotension, negative emotions can become a factor that provokes a sharp and severe decrease in blood pressure. This is one of the main causes of hypotension. Therefore, it is important to maintain a stable emotional state and avoid stressful situations. This will help to avoid not only problems with blood pressure, but also many cardiovascular diseases.

A timely visit to the doctor will help to avoid many health problems. Therefore, as soon as you suspect that your blood pressure is changing, try to see a doctor as soon as possible. When examining arterial blood pressure, you will have a blood test, urine, most likely, a specialist consultation will be appointed, and you will also be asked to measure morning and evening pressure for several days. And don't forget to follow the doctor's recommendations.